Friday, December 20, 2019

The Arrival Of Arthur Phillip - 1433 Words

The arrival of Arthur Phillip’s first fleet in 1778 and the following arrivals of convicts and free settlers during the nineteenth century has been known as ‘the settlement of Australia’ a term believed to be a racial and cultural bias. Due to our history being dominated by the white man, and the influence of the concept of ‘terra nullius’, we are brought up to believe, from a European point of view, that the settlement was peaceful, and lawfully correct. However, being recorded as the first nation genocide, the word invasion best suits this colonization. In 2017 this argument is still debated, as protest and outcries attempt to force Australia to change its national day from the 26th of January to another date, as many indigenous†¦show more content†¦However, Tony Kamps, author of ‘The Other Side of the Coin’ argues that Australia, in the British view, had no evidence of ownership, so it can be settled in a European legal persp ective at that time, ‘because they were hunters and gathers and not farmers, and because they did not live in villages, the British wrongly concluded Aboriginal people did not own their lands’. He also states that under the term ‘terra nullius’, and its reasons with international laws at the time, included that territories that were occupied by ‘backward people’ who lack the European form of government and laws which fail to cultivate their territories. Due to this, according to Tony Kamps, from April to August 1770, lieutenant James Cook occupied many sites along the eastern coast of Australia’s mainland ‘without the consent of the indigenous peoples’ and ‘claimed possession’ of Australians eastern part of the continent under the ‘British Crown’. Because Australia was believed to be ‘terra nullius’, in the western view, the British saw no harm, nor wrong in settling in Australia. In common sense, the seizure of land inhabited by other peoples is, by all accounts, an invasion. The British started colonizing Australia in 1791, and relations between the natives and the settlers was relatively peaceful. 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